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Events in Tallinn
In 1901, the first car was brought to Reval. 1901
In 1904 Estonians attained majority at the local government election. 1904
On October 16, 1905, the workers on strike are shot at the New Market. Altogether 90 people were killed and their burial on October 20 was attended by 40 000 people. 1905
1905 On January 22nd, 1905 soldiers opened fire at the factory workers who had come to present a petition to the Tsar at the Winter Palace.
1905 On November 1st, 1905, the tricolour flag of the Estonian Students’ Union in blue, black and white was carried in public for the first time at a political march in Tartu.
On June 9-10, 1908, tsar Nicholas II of Russia and King Edward VII of England met at the roadstead near Tallinn. 1908
1912 In April 1912 the first demonstration flight in Estonia was made in Tartu.
1912 In 1912, the Summer Olympic Games were held in Stockholm.
1917 On March 19th, 1917, there was a march organised by the Estonians living in Petrograd to the Taurian Palace demanding autonomy for Estonia.
1917 On March 19th, 1917, a meeting organised by Jaan Tõnisson was held in the Vanemuine Theatre in Tartu demanding Estonian autonomy.
1917 On November 7th, 1917, the Winter Palace was captured and the Provisional Government overthrown during the Bolshevik Revolution in Petrograd.
1917 On December 6th, 1917, the Senate adopted the declaration of independence of the Republic of Finland.
On February 24, 1918, the Estonian Salvation Committee (Päästekomitee) declared the Independence of Estonia in Tallinn. In the morning of the given day the national flag was hoisted atop of the Tall Hermann tower which stayed there until the arrival of the German troops on February 25. 1918
On February 25, 1918 the Russian fleet with 62 ships left Tallinn early in the morning for Helsinki. Already at noon the German forces occupied Tallinn. 1918
On November 11, 1918, the Estonian Provisional Government convened in Tallinn. 1918
On December 12, 1918 the naval squadron of Great Britain arrived in Tallinn. The Estonian national flag was once again hoisted atop of the Tall Hermann tower. 1918
1918 In 1918, the Soviet regime was announced in Petrograd and on March 2nd the government returned to Moscow.
1918 On November 18th, 1918, the independence of the Republic of Latvia was declared.
On April 23, 1919 the Estonian Constituent Assembly convened in Tallinn. 1919
1920 At 00.45 on February 2nd, 1920 the Peace Treaty between the Republic of Estonia and the Soviet Russia was signed in the Supreme Court hall in Tartu.
On May 13, 1921, the horse-drawn trams were replaced with electric trams on Narva and Pärnu Streets. 1921
On February 22, 1922, the Peter’s Square was renamed as the Liberty Square. On April 29 also the memorial to Peter the Great was removed from the Liberty Square. 1922
On December 1, 1924, an armed coup was attempted by the communists in Tallinn. 1924
1924 In January 1924, Petrograd was renamed Leningrad.
1935 In November 1935, the 42-metre Freedom Monument was unveiled in Riga.
On September 18, 1939, the Polish submarine “Orzel” escaped from the mine harbour of the naval base in Tallinn. Following the outbreak of the war, the submarine had found a neutral port in Tallinn where it was interned by the Estonian authorities. Their escape from Tallinn gave the USSR an excuse to accuse Estonia of assisting the states at war with the Soviet Union. 1939
On October 18, 1939, Umsiedlung – the resettlement of the Baltic Germans to Germany began. 1939
On February 2, 1940, the Soviet fleet at the roadstead near Tallinn shot the Estonian training airplane flying above Kadriorg. 1940
On June 21, 1940, the June Coup took place in Tallinn organised by the Estonian communists instigated by the USSR. 1940
On September 23, 1940, the communists removed the memorial next to Reaalkool school dedicated to the teachers and students fallen during the War of Independence. The monument was re-erected in 1941 after the German invasion of Tallinn, but destroyed seven years later. It was restored once again in 1993 (sculptor V. Mets, architect R. Heiduk). 1940
On June 14, 1941, more than 100 000 people were deported by the Soviet government. The June Deportation took about 10 000 Estonians to Siberia. 1941
On August 24, 1941, 17 ships with the people mobilised to the Soviet army left Tallinn for Leningrad. 1941
On August 28, 1941, after a few days of battles against the Soviet forces, the German troops invaded Tallinn. 1941
1941 In 1941–1944 more than 600 000 people died of hunger, diseases, cold and bombings as a result of the Siege of Leningrad.
1942 In March 1942, altogether 320 people were killed and 1044 buildings destroyed in the bombings of Lübeck.
In 1944, the early hours of March 9, the Soviet troops carried out the heaviest air raid of Tallinn. 1944
On September 18, 1944, Jüri Uluots, the Prime Minister in the duties of the President appointed the new government of the Republic of Estonia headed by Otto Tief. 1944
On September 20, 1944, the Estonian national flag was hoisted at the Tall Hermann tower. 1944
On September 22, 1944, the Soviet army once again invaded Tallinn. 1944
On October 22, 1944, the first compulsory campaign or “reconstruction Sunday” for cleaning up the ruins was organised for the citizens. 1944
On May 7, 1946, the secret student organisation blew up the wooden monument to the fallen Soviet soldiers erected on Tõnismäe. 1946
On March 25-27, 1949, more than 20 000 people were deported by the communists from Estonia to Siberia. 1949
On May 23, 1950, the train line connecting Tallinn and Moscow was opened. 1950
1950 In spring 1950 the monuments of Kalevipoeg, Villem Reimann and Gustav Adolph were destroyed in Tartu.
On January 16, 1951, the Executive Committee of the Workers Representative Council of Tallinn decided to demolish the cemeteries of St Olaf and St Nicholas congregations in Kopli. The graves were levelled and parks established on the location of the cemeteries. The tombs were employed in the construction works. 1951
1952 In 1952 the Summer Olympic Games were held in Helsinki.
On June 23, 1955, first TV-sets came for sale in Tallinn, Estonian Television began the broadcasts on July 19. 1955
On November 15, 1959, the first foreign tourist group visited post-war Tallinn from Finland. 1959
On August 8, 1963, the Union of Architects of Estonian SSR discussed the reconstruction of the city centre. Theoretician of architecture Paul Härmson suggested that the Old Town be demolished, which, however, was not implemented. 1963
On June 9, 1965, the Finnish passenger ship “Wellamo” arrived in Tallinn and the regular passenger transport connection between Tallinn and Helsinki was restored. 1965
On July 6, 1965, the first trolleybus line was opened in Tallinn operating between “Estonia” theatre and the Tallinn Hippodrome. 1965
On June 28-29, 1969, the 17th Song Festival was held in Tallinn marking the 100th anniversary of the first song festival. 1969
1975 In summer 1975, as a final act of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, 35 states signed the Helsinki Declaration.
1979 In 1979–86, the TV and radio tower was built in Riga.
On July 19, 1980, the new TV tower with the height of 314 metres was opened in Tallinn. 1980
On September 22, 1980, youth riots broke out in Tallinn due to the ban of the popular band “Propeller” by the Soviet authorities. 1980
On June 2, 1980, Tallinn Olympic Sailing Centre was opened, and on July 20-30 the sailing regatta of 22nd Olympic Games of Moscow was held in Tallinn. 1980
From June 27 to July 3, 1983, the first Old Town Days were held in Tallinn. 1983
On May 2, 1987, the students in Tallinn organised a demonstration against the establishment of phosphate mines in West-Viru county. 1987
On July 4, 1987, numerous former street names were restored in Tallinn. 1987
On August 23, 1987, there was a meeting in Hirvepark demanding the disclosure of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. 1987
On February 24, 1989, the Estonian national flag was once again hoisted at the Tall Hermann tower. 1988
On June 10-14, 1988, there were semi-spontaneous nighttime song festivals with people gathering at the Tallinn Song Festival Grounds to sing patriotic songs. 1988
On May 16, 1989, the name of the Liberty Square was restored. 1989
On August 23, 1989, the Popular Fronts of the Baltic countries organised the Baltic chain event – a human chain from Tallinn to Vilnius. 1989
On March 26, 1990, a regular airline connection was restored between Tallinn and Helsinki. 1990
On May 15, 1990, the imperialist-minded Intermovement organised a meeting in front of the Toompea Castle with the participants forcing themselves onto the courtyard of the castle. 1990
On November 7, 1990, the last military parade of the Soviet troops was organised in Tallinn for the last time. 1990
On January 18, 1991 during the so-called January crisis the roads leading to Toompea were barricaded with boulders and concrete blocks in order to defend the Supreme Council buildings against the military units supporting Moscow. 1991
On August 20, 1991, the Supreme Council of Estonia decided to adopt the resolution on the “National Independence of Estonia”. 1991
On August 21, 1991, the Soviet troops attempted to occupy the TV tower in Tallinn. 1991
1991 On June 1st, 1991, as a result of a poll, Leningrad was once again renamed St Petersburg.
On April 22-24, 1992, King Karl XVI Gustav of Sweden visited Tallinn. 1992
On September 10, 1993, Tallinn is visited by Pope John Paul II. 1993
On September 28, 1994, the ferry boat “Estonia” sank en route from Tallinn to Stockholm. More than 800 people were killed the disaster. 1994
On April 19, 1995, Tallinn Stock Exchange was established. 1995
On December 4, 1997, Tallinn Old Town was included on the UNESCO World Heritage list. 1997