Chronology Military Affairs City fortifications Home

On January 6, 1820, the Peasants’ Act of Livonia from 1819 was ceremoniously declared in Riga.

The act did declare peasants free, however, the land still belonged to the landowner. In order to use the land, the peasant had to sign a lease agreement with the estate owner. At the same time, the peasant was not allowed to move to the city or another county. The borough communities formed as the local governments of peasantry were under the estate owners’ control.